Motivation and Reward

motivational

What drives school results?

Motivation of students is the key differentiator to success in schools. In developing countries there are extrinsic factors with regards competition for jobs and career progression which force students to study more. For a few students the motivation is intrinsic for other students the intrinsic motivation has to be nurtured.

To make school become intrinsically motivating we focus on a major shift in pedagogy:

A student centric approach: Students learn in different ways but if they understand something it motivates them to learn more. Therefore there needs to be a shift from the standardised way of teaching that has kept costs low to a more customisable and modular approach.  Students can then learn at a pace suitable to them and be taught in a way that is applicable to them.

This new approach has seen a wave of technology innovation based on the following assumptions:

  1. Adaptive Education: There are different types of intelligence (eight identified by Harvard) and if a teaching method is aligned with a student’s type of intelligence they understand things easily. This will affect the pace that students learn.
  2. An Interdependent School System: Understanding is cumulative. You can’t learn more complex theories without understanding the fundamentals.  You can’t learn other languages without learning your own first. Project based learning takes up space and resources that schools don’t necessarily have. The curriculum is set and teachers need to work within the confines of this.

It’s not about the amount of technology used in schools but the implementation of this technology.

Motivation is the Key (Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic). Education is an unpredictable good. You consume it for several years and never have a clear view on it’s payoff.

Encourage sensemaking connect dots not just collect dots. Being interested is exhausting and takes mental brainpower.

Dropout rates in UK education
Dreams/aspirations

“It is particularly interesting to see that whose who have taken the vocational route are happiest and feel the most pride in their work; there’s certainly something to be said about learning specific skills and working your way up the ladder.”

Expectations
Rising student expectations as they pay more for school.
Age matters in learning. The older you get the more responsibility you take for your own learning.

Challenges
The fate of students in most institutions is to memorise facts and pass standardised tests. The test question is a direct substitute for experience as it’s too expensive to offer it (Ohm law taught by textbook).  School can feel isolating and artificial.

Motivation
Motivation of students is the key differentiator to success in schools. In developing countries there are extrinsic factors with regards competition for jobs and career progression which force students to study more. For a few students the motivation is intrinsic for other students the intrinsic motivation has to be nurtured. Motivation is the Key (Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic). Education is an unpredictable good. You consume it for several years and never have a clear view on it’s payoff. Dan Ping (TED talk) motivation as extrinsic vs. intrinsic

Intrinsic Motivation

The ideal of knowledge for the sake of it is a luxury that few have had the time to invest in. Passion for a particular subject is born out of exploration. The desire to see things as they are

Extrinsic Motivation

Unemployment rates in the UK. Main motivation of taking a course especially in the tertiary sector is their careers. It’s related to this.
Bet on your grades: http://ultrinsic.com/

Nudge Theory

Technology is a tool. Students who can’t read, analyse or use the technical tools given to them. Much as a calculator doesn’t make you a great mathematician or a shiny, new computer an accomplished writer. Devices alone are not the answer.

http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-03/21/class-dojo – extrinsic points -> positive behaviour -> intrinsic motivation. http://smartblogs.com/education/2012/08/17/are-kids-really-motivated-technology/ – technology alone not motivating

http://www.smartclassroommanagement.com/2011/03/05/rewarding-students-for-good-behavior/ – the downside of rewarding behaviour

http://www.pedagoo.org/2012/11/thoughts-on-class-dojo-class-dontjo/  - teachers viewpoint

http://learningshore.edublogs.org/2012/05/30/class-dojo/

http://learningshore.edublogs.org/2012/06/01/class-dojo-take-ii/

Character is as important as intellect. GRIT Scale.
Dan Ping (TED talk) motivation as extrinsic vs. intrinsic

Bet on your grades: http://ultrinsic.com/
Dreams/aspirations
intrinsic vs. extrinsic

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